All foreign Travellers to India require an entry VISA prior to arrival in India. Government of India has launched VISA on arrival enabled with an ETA scheme ( Presently) for 163 countries. Any traveller, having a passport from any of above countries can apply their VISA online. https://indianvisaonline.gov.in/visa/tvoa.html. One should read VISA rules carefully before applying. Traveller from countries not listed in ETA VISA scheme should contact their Travel Agent OR Local VISA provided OR respective India consulate / embassy on their country.
India is a Parliamentary Democracy modeled on the British Westminster system. The President, indirectly elected, is the Head of State, but his or her position, while not entirely ceremonial, has limited powers. In practice, the Prime Minister is seen to wield the most authority, and runs the government with her/his cabinet. The Parliament is bi-cameral. The Lok Sabha, the lower house, is directly elected by adult franchise, while the Rajya Sabha, or the upper house, is indirectly elected.
India's rich and multi-layered cultures are dominated by religious and spiritual themes. Indians value their family system a lot. Typically, an Indian's family encompasses what would be called the extended family in the West. It is routine for Indians to live as part of the paternal family unit throughout their lives - i.e. sons live together with their parents all their lives, and daughters live with their parents till they get married. The relationship is mutually self-supporting.
Indian Standard Time (IST) is 5 hours and 30 minutes ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT+5.5). Daylight saving is not observed.
India experiences at least three seasons a year, Summer, Rainy Season (or "Monsoon") and Winter, though in the tropical South calling the 25°C (77°F) weather "Winter" would be stretching the concept. The North experiences some extremes of heat in Summer and cold in Winter, but except in the Himalayan regions, snow is almost unheard of. November to January is the winter season and April and May are the hot months when everyone eagerly awaits the rains. There is also a brief spring in February and March, especially in North India.
Most types of film material, colour slide negatives and video tapes are readily available in all major cities, as are fast, reliable processing services. When photographing always ask people their permission first. Beware using flash photography that may disturb animals and birds.
The unit of currency in India is the Rupee where Rs. 1 is made up of 100 paisa. Bank notes are in denomination of 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, and 500.
There are no restrictions on the amount of foreign currency of travellers’ cheques a tourist may bring into India, provided a declaration in the Currency Declaration From is made with Indian customs. Cash, bank notes and travellers’ cheques up to US$ 10,000 or equivalent, need not be declared at the time of entry.
DRINKING WATER & MEALS
Beef is not served in many parts of India and pork is also not easily available. Eat non – vegetarian food only in good restaurants as the meat in cheaper and smaller places can be of dubious quality. Good quality vegetarian food is easily available throughout the country. Curd or yoghurt is served with most meals as it is a natural aid digestion and helps temper the spicy food.
Visa, American Express, MasterCard and Diners Club are honoured by most restaurants, store, hotels and other points of sale and service. Proof of identity may be requested in some instances and it is therefore useful to carry a passport r some form of photo identification at all times. Please note that a fee can often be changes for credit cards.